RECORD: McManus, Jane Parker, Pioneers West of Appalachia, 1976 citing: + Petition to King of Spain, Wilkinson Co., MS, 14 Nov. 1808 + Conv/Marriage Records - St. Helena Par., LA
+ Conv/Marriage Records - St. Tamminy Par., LA
+ Conv/Copiah & Hinds Co., MS
McManus, Jane Parker, Supplement to PWOA, 1979
McManus, Jane Parker, Pioneers West of Appalachia, 1984.
The following account of the history of Benjamin Parker was recorded by Jane Parker McManua, beginning on page 17 (1984):
Benjamin Parker was born in North Carolina about 1771/80. He married Nancy __?__ probably in North Carolina, as their first child was born there in 1798. Nancy Parker was also born in North Carolina about 1771/80, according to census records. Six known children of Benjamin and Nancy Parker have been traced and recorded in the above referenced book:
1. Mary Parker, born 1798, NC; md 30 Apr. 1814 in St. Helena Par., La to William S. Little
2. Nancy Parker, born 29 Apr. 1801, GA; md 8 Apr. 1817, St. Tammany Par., LA, Samuel Williams
3. Benjamin Parker, born 1803, KY; md. 11 Nov. 1825, Copiah Co., MS, Dempsy Clark
4. Lydia Parker, born 18 Oct. 1805, KY; md (1) 2 Jul. 1827, Hinds Co., MS, John S. Johnson; md (2) Josiah Cutts
5. Anderson Parker, born 1807, TN; 12 Aug. 1834, Hinds Co., MS, Nancy Melinda Mabrey
6. Isaiah Parker, born 1812, MS; md. 15 Mar. 1831, Hinds Co., MS, Dicy Ann Calcote
[Note by me, Joyce Parker Hervey: It was not uncommon for families of the early 1800's to move frequently. The Parkers, in this respect, were very typical.]
Considering the places of birth of their children, one might assume that Benjamin and Nancy traveled overland through the Cumberland Gap, down the Tennessee River, and possibly down the Natchez Trace into Mississippi. Their arrival in Mississippi was proved by a petition which Benjamin Parker signed to the King of Spain in Wilkinson County, Mississippi on November 14, 1808.
The Parkers left Mississippi by 1814 and moved into southern Louisiana, settling for a short period in St. Helena and St. Tammany Parishes. It was here that two of their daughters were married and several land transactions took place between the families.
In 1817, Benjamin and Nancy Parker returned to Mississippi and purchased property in Copiah and Hinds County. An important land transaction occurred there in 1826, in which the name of Benjamin's wife was given as Nancy Parker. This is the only record that has been located which actually mentioned the given name of Benjamin's wife:
"Benjamin Parker of County of Copiah, State of Mississippi, sold ... to William A. Cain ... property described as West Half of SW 1/4 of Section 7 of Township 9 Range & East containing 78 and 19/100 acres ... for a sum of $300 ... Nancy Parker, wife of Benjamin Parker voluntarily relinquishes title which was acquired by dower or otherwise ... on the above state property."
Benjamin and his son Anderson went into the lumber business together while they were living in Central Mississippi. They were instrumental in constructing several of the first buildings in the area, including the courthouse and school in Hinds County, Mississippi.
Quote from McManus, page 18:
"For reasons not readily apparent at this writing, Benjamin and Nancy Parker, although between 60 and 70 years of age and not exactly the age to be uprooting life again, moved in 1840 with several of their married children to North Central Louisiana. One might assume that as the older children were anxious to try their luck west, the parents went along rather than stay alone. The Parkers settled in Ouachita and Claiborne Parishes of Louisiana. By 1849, all traces of Benjamin and Nancy Parker were gone. Because of courthouse fires and other lost data, it is impossible to pinpoint an exact date or burial for this couple, and no succession has even been located. Shortly after their parents died, the Parker children split up, each going his separate way, one to Texas, one back to Mississippi, and the remainder staying in Louisiana."
RECORD: 1810 census, Franklin Co., MS
RECORD: 1840 census, Attala Co., MS
RECORD: 1860 census Jackson Par., LA, Plankville, ed 345, pg 11 RECORD: Civil War Tax in LA - 1865 - shows W. C. Calcote, .38, Jackson Par., LA
RECORD: Calcote Family Journey, Frances Calcote Brite, Gateway Press, Baltimore, MD, 1997
William Cade Calcote was born in Georgetown District, SC on 23 May 1797. He married Mary Ellison 4 May 1815, in Amite Co., MS. They are buried at the Calcote family cemetery in Ruston, LA. The marriage bond was signed by William's father, John Calcote.
By 1816 William Cade and Mary Calcote were in Franklin Co., MS. By 1830, they were in Copiah Co., MS with six children and three slaves. In 1860 they were in Jackson Parish, LA.
1. Dicy Ann Calcote, born about 1816, md Isaiah Parker
2. Elizabeth Calcote, born 1815-1820, Franklin Co., MC; md. Joseph Jolly
3. son, born about 1820
4. James Gibson Calcote (Rev./Dr.), born 17 Sept. 1821
5. daughter, born about 1823
6. John Washington Calcote, born 11 Sept. 1826
7. Mary Jane Calcote, born 11 Sept. 1828
8. Eli Marion Calcote, born 12 Oct. 1832.
RECORD: McManus, Jane Parker, Pioneers West of Appalachia, 1984 Page 426:
A history of the Williamson family was copied by Doris Nelson in May 1983, with permission of the author, from the original manuscript of his book. The book was found in Alabama State Archives (Ala. 929.2 Stanton) titled "Family History Stanton, Godwin, Hale, Simmons and Williamson of Monroe, Conecuh, Baldwin, and Escambia Counties of Alabama" by Robert E. (Billy) Davis. The material was handed down in his family, and he was personally interviewed by Doris Nelson.
Samuel Williamson was born 5 April 1780 in SC and died 18 Nov. 1836 in Monroe Co., AL He married Ester (Esther) Allen on Jun 6, 1802, and 12 children were born. Esther was born May 10, 1784 in GA and died Jan. 15, 1870 in Monroe Co., AL.
Samuel and Esther settled around Claiborne, Monroe Co., AL, and are believed to be buried there. The children were all born in Monroe Co., except Elijah, who was born in SC.
1. Elijah Williamson, born 22 Mar. 1807
2. Clarrissa Williamson, born 24 May 1809
3. Lucinda Williamson, born 2 Mar. 1812
4. Anna Williamson, born 24 Nov. 1813
5. John M. Williamson, born 2 Mar. 1816
6. Robert Williamson, born 15 Apr. 1818
7. Clark B. Williamson, born 14 Jun. 1820
8. Mary A. Williamson, born 19 Nov. 1822
9. Dempsey W. Williamson, born 31 Jan. 1825
10. Elizabeth C. Williamson, born 4 Oct. 1829
11. James A. Williamson, born 21 Nov. 1834
RECORD: McManus, Jane Parker, Pioneers West of Appalachia, 1984 Page 426:
The 1870 Monroe County AL Census listed "Persons who died during the year ending 1st Jun 1870 in Beat No. 1 in Monroe County... Williamson, Ester 84 female, white, widow, born SC, died Jan. cause of death - burned."
CENSUS: DATE 1820 PLACE Barnwell Dist, SC
Can't read or write.
RECORD: Correspondence from Janice Gail Phillips, 31 Jan. 1999:
Possibility that Ning had a sister, Elizabeth. Ning was a Private in Austin's Regiment of the South Carolina Militia in the War of 1812.
Ninnion and wife Elizabeth split up at some point. We haven't been able to find the divorce records ...... maybe they didn't but they did have a parting of the ways. She is listed with several of the sons on different censuses. In 1860 she and daughter Nancy are living next to Wilson and 1st wife, Mary Cravey. Next census she is with another son, and so on."
Ninnion (or Nimion) ... is a Scottish name. It is possible our "Nin" is a 1st generation Harvill, his parents straight from Scotland.
for information on this family.
At some point Ninnion and Elizabeth began to live apart. On the 1850 census sh is living with her son, Joseph. Ninnion Sr., Nancy, Mark, John, and Martha are living next door.
RECORD: Jane Parker McManus, Pioneers West Of Appalachia; Privately Printed 1984; Page 215
Levi Jackson, fourth child of Isaac Jackson and Mary Pairson, was born 3 Jan. 1770 in Orange County, North Carolina, where he spent most of his childhood. He married Catharine Thompson on 24 May 1798 and five children were born. Catharine was born 20 May 1780 in Orange County, North Carolina, the daughter of Joseph Thompson (b. 13 Oct. 1756) and Hannah (?) (b. 7 Mar. 1750).
The Jacksons were all members of the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting of the Quaker Church. The Cane Creek Monthly Meeting was established 7 Oct 1751 and was located on stream Cane Creek in the Central part of Orange County (now Alamance County), North Carolina. They moved to South Carolina; then to Jefferson County, Georgia by 1802; to Conecuh County, Alabama in 1818.
Levi Jackson served as a Private in Captain Thomas Figures' Company of the Alabama Territory Militia in the Seminole Indian War from 1 Apr - 30 Jun 1818. Quaker records show him "disowned" 26 Jun 1819 (1819, 6, 26), probably for "bearing arms" or "breaking away from the Quaker teachings." At this time, Levi embraced the Baptist faith. He helped establish the Catawba Springs Baptist Chruch, located six miles south of Brewton in Escambia County, Alabama.
History records that Levi Jackson left Alabama for Texas, probably in 1836, served in the Indian War [should be the Texas War of Independence from Mexico], dying shortly after leaving the army. The death dates and burial for Levi Jackson and Catharine Thompson have not been located.
RECORD: History of Escambia County, Alabama;Annie C. Waters;Strode Publishers, Huntsville, Alabama, 1983;page 517:
Levi Jackson married Catharine Thompson May 24, 1798 in N.C. Migrated to GA., then to ALA, arriving ca. 1818. He served in the first Seminole War, later in the Mexican War, and died ca. 1836 on his way back to Ala. They resided in the Catawba Springs community.
RECORD: Robertson County, TX Probate:
Levi Jackson died, without a Will, in Texas, by July 1839, possessed of a certificate for 1/3 league of land. His estate was probated in Robertson County, TX, September 1839, Wright Coley being granted letters of administration. Wright Coley was ordered by the court to sell as much of the real estate as would be required to satisfy demands against the estate. Coley filed for dismissal of the succession of the estate and was discharged from further responsibilities in April 1849. In August, 1849, Micajah Crenshaw filed for and was granted a petition to administer the estate debonos non (to settle an estate that is partially unsettled) for the heirs of Levi Jackson (no names of heirs were given in probate records). Crenshaw was ordered to return an inventory of property of the estate and make an accounting of the sales and all his acts regarding the estate.
Levi Jackson received a 2nd class headright or 1/3 league (1480 acres) of land from the Republic of Texas. Second class headrights were granted to those who arrived in the Republic of Texas between March 2, 1836 and October 1, 1837, heads of families receiving 1280 acres, single men 640 acres. This headright proves the date of arrival of Levi Jackson in Texas and proves that he was still married and a head of household.
RECORD: Texas General Land Office Records, File No. 568:
Part of Levi Jackson's land, 923,780 sqr. varas (163.63 acres), was patented on July 7, 1859 to A. N. Hopkins. (We can surmise from the probate records that this constituted the part of the headright that was used to pay debts owed by the estate.) A Republic of Texas document, dated 1 April 1939, in the file stated: "Wright Coley has appeared before us this Board of land Commissioners for said County and presents the letter of administration on the Estate of Levi Jackson Deceased and proved according to law that said Jackson arrived in this Country previous to the declaration of independence and died in the Texas army and ... a letter ... ... a league of land ... and in our hands this 1st day of April 1839". The survey, dated 30 Sept. 1853, from the Robertson Land District stated "I have surveyed 925780 square vr. of land in Robertson County on the head waters of north Mineral about 24 miles N 30 E from Owensville, by virtue of part of Levi Jackson's H.R. No. 15 opend the 1st day of April 1839". Following was a legal description of the land. The surveyor certified that Micajah Crenshaw applied for the said land and that no other claims had been made on the land since 31 August 1853.
RECORD: Texas General Land Office Records, File No. 678:
Apparently the original Headright Certificate No. 15 was lost and duplicate(s) were issued and filed. The Duplicate Certificate No. 15 was filed December 6, 1958, and Duplicate Certificate No. 35/15 was filed 15 July 1861. On the cover of the file are the words: "File 597 - Robertson 2nd Class - 2 Surveys 1,334,370 sq vs, 6,998,963 sq. vs. - Certificate No. 15 - The within Cert. has been duplicated and Dislocated and patented. - See [File No.] 568. Robt. 2 - 2 678.Milam 2".
RECORD: Texas General Land Office Records, File No. 597:
Field notes in the file contained two surveys, of 1,334,370 sq. vs. (Survey No. 1099? in Robertson County )and 6,998,963 sq. vs (Survey No. 1899 in Johnson County waters of Fall Creek a tributary of the Brazos River about 13 miles No 75 W from the town of Buchanan.) Surveys were dated 24 August 1860. A second set of field notes, dated 28 December 1859, (Survey No. 1082, Johnson County waters of Brazos River about 17 miles north 70 W of Buchanan) contained 9,998,963 sqare varas.
The cover of the file showed: "767 acres in Haskell Co. - 549 acres in Knox - Milam 2nd Clqss - 1316 acres - 7,409,553 Sq. vrs. - Dupl. Certificate No. 35 - H abs[tract?] 01 vol. 11 - Patd June 27th 1861 -- No. 311 Vol 7 Sur[vey?] -- Deld to Jm Tho[...] - July 15/61
RECORD: Robertson County, TX Deed Records:
The heirs of Levi Jackson were not listed by name in the probate records; however, the deed records show that on 29 August, 1854, Allen W. Jackson, of Robertson County, purchased, from Micajah Crenshaw, as administrator of estate of Levi Jackson, for $170, 224 acres on the waters of Duck Creek. On that same date, Josiah Jackson (whom we know to be a brother of Allen W. Jackson) purchased two tracts of land (amount and acreage not stated) on Duck Creek, branch of the Navasoto River, in Robertson County from Micajah Crenshaw.
Some suppositions may be made from the above transaction. The estate of Levi Jackson was finally settled by August 1864 and the heirs of Levi Jackson received their portion. The 224 acres purchased by Allen W. Jackson would represent about 1/6 of the 1480 acres granted to Levi Jackson, allowing for approximately 163 acres [number of acres patented A. N. Hopkins in 1859] to be removed from the estate to satisfy debts. The two brothers, Allen and Josiah were perhaps buying out some of the other heirs. Family records show there were five known children of Levi Jackson. Implications of the land sale are that there may have been a sixth child, or that the estate was not divided into exact numbers of acres, some land perhaps being more valuable than other land and a juggling of numbers might have ensued.
RECORD: Robertson County, Texas Deed Records, Deed Book M (1856-1860); page 244-245, 4 April 1857;
On 4 April 1857, A. W. Jackson, of Robertson County, Texas, sold, for $200, to J. L. Maxwell, 163.8 acres, the legal description of which matches exactly the legal description of land (see File No. 568, Field notes) for which Micajah Crenshaw filed for a land patent, on behalf of the "heirs of Levi Jackson" on July 6, 1859. Thus, it is proved that Allen W. Jackson was an heir to the estate of Levi Jackson. Thus it is proved that Allen W. Jackson is the son of Levi Jackson, and, by implication, the siblings of Allen W. Jackson are children of Levi Jackson.
Thus, anyone who can prove descendancy from Levi Jackson is eligible to apply for membership in the DAUGHTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS.
RECORD: Conecuh County, Alabama Census - 1820; Levi Jackson 1 - white male over 21 years
(Levi - age 50)
3 - white male under 21 years
(Josiah - age 18)
(Joseph - age 8)
(Allen W. - age 2)
1 - white female over 21 years (Catherine - wife, age 40) 1 - white female under 21 years (Mary or Helen - age 5) 6 - total white population 0 - total of free people of color
0 - total of slaves
6 - total of inhabitants
RECORD: Joyce Parker Hervey, Just Folk, The Crowell Family Of Louisiana;; Privately Printed, Page 303:
Moses William Young, Jr. is the earliest proven Young ancestor of the Young family of Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. He was born about 1819-21 in Georgia, probably in Morgan County. It is conjectured that Moses Young, Jr. and his family were living with his wife's family in 1840, which could account for his name not appearing on the census. His name was on the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses of Morgan County. His occupation was listed variously as farmer, miller, and carpenter, so he possessed the skills required to survive in the agricultural society that Georgia was in the early 1800's. The chief crops of Morgan County were corn and cotton.
Members of the Moses W. Young, Jr. family lived near the town of Apalachee, in the Eastern part of Morgan County. In the book City of Apalachee, by Etta S. Few, published in 1926, appeared the following:
"The Youngs at one time lived about a quarter of a mile from Dr. Prior's home on a hill above Youngs Spring. Buck Young lived with his mother who was an herb doctor. Her other sons were Lige and Joe. Mrs. Pack Adair who lives here now is a descendant of the Youngs. Her children are Sarah Francis and Martha Ellen. A man named Norris lived on this place before the Youngs came here. He went west on a visit and died while away."
Buck was no doubt the nickname for one of the sons of Moses W. Young, Jr. (Probably Buck was Robert Harris Young, since he was single and more likely to be living with his mother. Moses sons, James Harrison Young and Edmund Young moved to Walton County, Georgia and had families. His son William Taylor Young was called "Bill" and he also married and had a family. There is reportedly a Buck Young cemetery in Morgan County. Could that be the chain gang cemetery that Robert Harris Young was buried in ? ) Moses had sons named Elijah and Joseph, who are apparently the Lige and Joe mentioned in City of Apalachee. Mrs. Pack Adair was a daughter of Joseph Young and a granddaughter of Moses Young Jr. A land record showed that Moses Young owned the land adjacent to a Prior family.
Moses W. Young, Jr. was married to Mary G. Edmonds in Morgan County on October 22, 1839. They were married by Robert A. Prior, Justice of the Peace. Moses' military papers named his wife as Mary Edmonson. The Young family Bible lists Mary G. Young's birthdate as August 23, 1820. She was born in Georgia. Mary was no doubt the "herb doctor," mentioned in the above quote.
Young family Bible, published in 1829, provided by Mrs. Agnes (Young) Respass, of Mesa, Arizona, in a phone conversation:
MARY G. YOUNG, born Aug. 23, 1820, died 1902.
Children of M. W. YOUNG:
JAMES HARRISON YOUNG, born Aug. 19, 1840, died Feb. 21, 1916
ELIJAH D. YOUNG, born Jan. 10, 1842
SARAH L. YOUNG, born July 10, 1843
WILLIAM T. or F. YOUNG, born Aug. 30, 1848
MARGERET, born 184?(?)
MARY E., born Sept. 7, 1850
JOSEPH F. YOUNG, born July 4, 1852
ROBERT HARRIS, Aug. 20, 1855
EDMUND YOUNG, born Jan. 7, 1858, died Jan. 13, 1932
MARTHA SUSAN ANDERSON YOUNG, born Mar. 9, 1860
RECORD: Joyce Parker Hervey, Just Folk, The Crowell Family Of Louisiana; Privately Printed, page 308
Mary Edmonds/Edmondson was born 23 Aug. 1820, in Georgia, and married Moses William Young II on 22 Oct. 1839. It is conjectured that Mary was the daughter of Elijah and Rhoda Edmondson, since the Edmondson and Young families were close neighbors in 1840 and in 1850 and since Mary and Moses named their second son Elijah. The practice of naming the first son after his paternal grandfather and the second son after his maternal grandfather was commonly followed by many American families of the nineteenth century. Mary's family was residing in Morgan County, Georgia as early as 1840, and several Edmondson families were in the county in 1830.
Mary was an "herb doctor"
RECORD: Mary Ellen Souter, Family Research
RECORD: Following is abstracted from the History of the Pace Family, compiled by Freda Reid Turner, distributed by the Pace Society of America.
In his letter, written between 1844 and 1850, the Reverend Barnabas Pace talks about his brother, William Pace: "William had one son and four daughters. The son married a Miss Leverett and lives in Atlanta. Three daughters, one married Hezekiah Dodwell, one married Henry Scarsbrook, one married MY SON, FREEMAN H. PACE, the other died when small. Brother William then lost his first wife and married Agatha Parker, by whom he had two sons and two daughters. ... "
The above statement by Barnabas Pace establishes that the descendants of his son Freeman H. Pace can claim connection to the Pace family listed among the First Families of Virginia.
RECORD: Bienville Parish, Louisiana, Succession Records, First Book, page 148
Freeman H. Pace died without a will and his estate was administered by James Radcliff. There are a number of petitions and orders shown in the administration of the estate, including the following.
Petition for Administration
State of Louisiana
Parish of Bienville
To the Hon Judge of the 11th Judicial District Court holding sessions in and for the Parish of Bienville & State aforesaid or to the Clerk thereof of Said Court James Radliff Resident of Parish & state respectfully represents unto you said Honor that Freeman H. Pace died sometime during the fall of 1862 in your said Parish leaving a small estate consisting of one slave & some moveable property further represents that it is the wish & desire of the surviving widow & heirs of said Pace that your Petitioner administer.
* * * * *
In order for debts of the estate to be paid, the property in the estate had to be sold, thus an order was given by the court to advertise the property for sale. Before this could be done, the heirs had to agree to the sale. The following document shows the names of the heirs. Mary A. Pace is the widow of Freeman H. Pace. B. F. Pace is his son. No record of who N. E. Goode is.
Order of Tableau to be advertised
State of Louisiana
Parish of Bienville
Clerks office Sparta August 22, 1863. It is ordered that the filing of the within the foregoing tableau & distribution advertised according to law be ad published in the La Baptist Published in the town of Mt. Lebanon & the Parish & state aforesaid thus done & signed officially on the day & date above written. J. F. Stephens.
We hereby accept ?services of the foregoing Petition waive and time. Mary A. (X - her mark) Pace
B. F. Pace
N. E. Goode
Attest: Wm. Barnes
Cousin to her husband
RECORD: Claiborne Parish, LA, U.S. Census - 1850
Parents of John Mask are unknown. The name Mask in not common, and the name can be found in Virginia records dating from the early 1700's, particularly in Goochland, VA or Rockingham County, VA. Later in the 1700's and early 1800's, Masks appeared in NC, in Richmond Co., Raleigh, Anson Co., Montgomery Co., and Mecklenburg Co.
John Mask was born in South Carolina, according to the 1850 census record of Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. His occupation was listed as "planter". He and Rebecca owned a substantial amount of land, and many land transactions are to be found in the deed records of Claiborne Parish. Rebecca owned land in her own name, by inheritance from her mother, Charlotte Neyland (born 1775, VA), who moved to Louisiana with them.
The census records revealed the movement of the Masks from South Carolina to Louisiana, through the places of birth of their children. John Mask was born in SC in 1811. Rebecca (Neyland) Mask was born in Georgia in 1811. So, John apparently moved to Georgia where he met and married Rebecca. Their first three children were born in Georgia: William, in 1836; John, in 1838; and Charlotte, in 1840. By 1841, the family had moved to Alabama, where children were born: Mary in 1841; Martha in 1843, James W. in 1846, and Corrine in 1847. By 1850, the family was living in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
John and Rebecca (Neyland) Mask are buried in an unmarked grave at Arcadia, Louisiana cemetery, according to Elliot Rabb Whitman (C. Coleman Crosby) Columnist for the "Ruston Morning Paper".
RECORD: Claiborne Parish, Louisiana Conveyance Records:
Book A page 361:
Charlotte Nealand gave slaves to her daughter Rebecca J. Mask for $5 on 26 Aug. 1851: "for the natural love and affection I have and bear to my daughter Rebecca J. Mask .. sum of $5 ... a certain negro woman named Sally aged some twenty five years and her four children named Creesy, Eliza, Harriett, and Charles. ..." Charlotte signed the deed with an "X".
Book C page 306:
A couple of years after receiving the slaves from her mother, Rebecca J. Mask was back in court trying to get a legal separation of her property from that of her husband, who she claims has squandered what was hers:
"Rebecca J. Neyland vs. John Mask, Filed May 212, 1855, To the Hon. Judge of the 17th Judicial District Court of the State of Louisiana holding sessions in and for the Parish of Claiborne the petition of Rebecca J. Neyland, wife of John Mask of said Parish with respect represents unto your honor that she has received by Donation from her mother, Mrs. Charlotte Neyland since she has been living in said state & since her marriage with said Mask the following slaves to wit: Sally, a woman aged 27 years of yellow collar and her five children, Creas, aged 12 years, Eliza aged nine years, Harriet aged 7 years Charles aged 5 years and Rossette aged 2 years, that she has bought and paid for with her own means 200 acres of land described as follows to wit:
The southeast 1/4 of Section 18 in Township 19 Range 5 West and the Northeast 1/4 of the N.E. 1/4 of Sec. 19, Town. 19 of Range 5 West, all situated in said Parish.
Petitioner further represents that her husband is failing circumstances and that her said property is in danger owing to the mismanagement of her said husband and from the disorder of his affairs she is induced to believe he will not be able and that his Estate will not be sufficient to meet her rights and claims and that he has neglected to invest her dotal effects as directed by Law that he sold one of her negroes above named to wit: Crecy which avers was worth One Thousand Dollars and converted the money to his own use and has not invested the proceeds for her use and benefit but that he has squandered and waisted the same. Wherefore she prays that she have Judgement decreeing a separation of property from her said husband desolving the community of acquits and gains and for the sum of One Thousand Dollars the amount of the proceeds of the sale of said slave Crecy with 5 per cent thereon from 1st of March last (1854) and that all the slaves above named, and the land above described be decreed to her as her separate and personal property. And that she have the separate administration of the same that she be authorized to bring this suit and to stand in Judgment in the same for costs, general relief & c. Signed, Young & Thomason, Attys for Pet."
The court agreed with Rebecca and authorized her to separate her property, and ordered John Mask to pay her $500 for his sale of the slave:
"This cane came for trial by reason of the Law and the evidence being in favor of the Plaintiff it is ordered adjudged and decreed that she have judgment against her husband, John Mask, Defendant for the land and slaves described in her Petition and decreeing the same to be her separate property that the community heretofore existing between her and her said Husband be desolved & she be separate in property from her said Husband and that she have the full and entire administration of all her separate property and that she recover from her said husband the sum of Five Hundred Dollars with Five per cent interest thereon from Judicial demand 21st Feb. 1855 with a recognition of her mortgage and privilege on the property of her Husband from the filing of this suit & costs be taxed. Done and signed in open Court, this 4th day of April A.D. 1855. Signed: H. A. Drew, Judge 17th Dist."
RECORD: Just Folk: The Crowell Family, Joyce Parker Hervey, 1984, Privately Printed, page 27:
"Go West Young Man" was the spirit of the early 1800's. It was perhaps this spirit that moved the parents of John M. Crowell to leave familiar surroundings and venture into the newly formed Territory of Alabama. After the Indians were removed and the area was safe for settlement, thousands of pioneers from the eastern states flooded into the new states of Mississippi and Alabama to settle towns and farms in the virgin wilderness.
John M. Crowell was born about 1819 or 1820 in Alabama, probably in Clarke County, as there is a record of the marriage of Peter Crowell and Sarah Sanders recorded there, who are believed to be John M. Crowell's parents.
By 1840, John was living in Leake County in the central part of the state of Mississippi. John was listed as the head of a household consisting of three people: himself, a female who presumably was his wife, and a small boy, probably his first son Martin. A Mrs. S. Crowell lived nearby. Her household consisted of 3 children in addition to herself. It is likely that the two Crowell families were related. Mrs. S. Crowell (probably the Sarah Sanders who married Peter Crowell in Alabama) was likely John M. Crowell's mother, and the two boys and one girl living with her were his brothers and a sister.
As were most of the residents of Leake County, John was engaged in agriculture, although there were a few miners. John did not own slaves then, but his close neighbors Isaac Sanders and John Sommers did.
By 1848, the Crowells felt the call of the west again. As opportunities for developing land opened up in the newly created Jackson Parish, Louisiana, John and two other Crowell families, Peter F. and Willey S. Crowell, who are assumed to be John's brothers, moved to Louisiana.
Travel was slow and difficult across the Mississippi and Ouachita swampland. When they reached Louisiana, John settled his family near the town of Plankville, in the part of Jackson Parish that was later split off into Lincoln Parish. In 1848, the main settlements in Jackson Parish were Vernon, the parish seat, and Vienna, sixteen miles to the north of Vernon, where the population was more dense and the wealthier people of the parish lived. Plankville was located about halfway between the two, just two miles south of present day Ruston. (The town of Plankville later was named Bonner.)
The people who settled Jackson Parish were for the most part simple farmers and many of them lived in the "backwoods", where bears and other wild animals were plentiful. Their homes were crudely constructed of logs, with dirt floors and wooden shutters for windows.
Since courthouse fires destroyed most of the records of Jackson Parish prior to the 1880's, the only records surviving are those that were copied into the books in Lincoln Parish when it was created in 1873. Two land records naming John M. Crowell survived. A deed, dated 1852, showed that John M. Crowell sold his 40 acres near the town of Plankville. He owned a larger tract of land just east of his first property, consisting of 440 acres.
According to the census records, John had a large family with several sons to help him farm his land. Perhaps he grew cotton and corn, the two major commercial crops of the area, as well as other vegetables for their own use, such as peas, beans, potatoes, onions, and tomatoes. The market town of Trenton, where they had to go to sell their produce, was a week's wagon ride away over rough and some-times muddy roads.
When John Crowell had been in Louisiana about thirteen years, the Civil War began. At least one of John's sons (John 2nd) and perhaps others (Martin and Henry) joined the Confederate Army at Monroe, La. John was 41 or 42 years old when the Civil War began and may have joined, as many of his age did. Military records of Louisiana show that a John Crowell who enlisted in the Confederate Army at Rapides Parish sometime before April 1861, died at Charlottesville, Virginia in May of 1862. This may have been John M. Crowell.
John M. Crowell apparently died before 1870. His estate was administered that year by Joseph M. Kinman, and consisted of 440 acres in Jackson Parish (later Lincoln Parish). The administration papers are located in the Lincoln Parish conveyance records, the orginals in Jackson Parish having burned in a courthouse fire.
Little is known about John's wife Nancy. It is likely that Nancy died about the same time as John. According to census records, she was born in Mississippi about 1817-1818. She was two or three years older than John. A story passed down by a son of Robert Crowell, one of John's and Nancy's younger children, is that "they" (probably meaning Nancy) were "French", and that Nancy's maiden name was something like Musebeck or Busebeck (phonetic spelling).
By 1870, the children of John and Nancy had moved away from Jackson Parish.
Some of them went to Nevada County, Arkansas, others to Sabine County, Texas, another to Hood County, Texas. The younger children were taken in to be raised by their older brothers or sister.
There is evidence that John Crowell was the natural or adoptive father of a second family of Crowells of Jackson Parish. Living in the house next to him in 1860 was a woman named Nancy Stapleton, mother of four sons (Laden, Stephen, Warren, and Pinkney Stapleton) who were living with her. Two more were born later, Clinton, in late 1860, and Leroy, in 1862/63. All of the members of this Stapleton family who remained in North Louisiana, including Nancy, eventually took the surname Crowell. The death certificate of one of Nancy Stapleton/Crowell's sons (Pinkney) identified his father as John Crowell.
A query to Louisiana Roots gave the maiden name and the following information on Nancy:
"Moses Sanders b. 1813 is possibly a descendent of Isaac Sanders. Isaac is a rev war soldier who at the age of 95 married Nancy Ellison age 25 in Leake Co. MS. Nancy appears in the 1850 Jackson Par., LA federal census apparently remarried to David Stapleton. There are also three Sanders children in the household. The marriage of Isaac and Nancy took place on Dec. 29, 1843.
RECORD: Just Folk: The Crowell Family, Joyce Parker Hervey, 1984, Privately Printed, page 35:
Nancy Stapleton/Crowell was born about 1820 in Mississippi. The various census records differed widely in her reported birth year, ranging from 1818 to 1825. By 1850, Nancy was about 28 years old, was using the name Stapleton and was living with a David Stapleton in Jackson Parish, LA, relationship unknown. In her household were four children: Mary Jane Ellison, 11, Ellender Sanders, 6, Sharlotter Sanders, 4, and Greenbury Sanders, 2. (Only two of these children, Mary Jane and Elender, who was later known as Ellen, are remembered by descendants of the family as having been children of Nancy's.)
By 1860, Nancy's household had completely changed. David Stapleton, Mary J. Elison, and the Sanders children were no longer living with her. Nancy, now about 41 years old, was head of a household of four boys: Laden Stapleton, age 6; Stephen Stapleton, age 4; Warren Stapleton, age 2; and Pinkney Stapleton, age 1. She later had two more sons, Clinton and Leroy, who were born in late 1860 and in 1862/63. It is likely that John M. Crowell was the natural father of these six boys. The death certificate of William Pinkney Crowell, identified his parents as John Crowell and Nancy __?__.
A different explanation of the relationship of John M. Crowell and Nancy Stapleton/Crowell was offered by Ethel Crowell Parker, a granddaughter of Layton Crowell and great-granddaughter of Nancy Stapleton/Crowell. She wrote, "I was always led to believe that Nancy Stapleton was John M. Crowell's sister, who was a widow with six sons. On the death of her husband, who was in the lumber business, Nancy returned to live with her brother John, who was a man of wealth with a very large plantation who offered to help raise her sons. For a while they kept the name Stapleton but later on John M. Crowell adopted these boys..." This however is highly unlikely, as Nancy Ellison/Stapleton/Crowell was born 1818/1825, and the only sister John may have had was born 1830-1835 (see 1840 Census - Leake Co., MS). Nancy Ellison/Stapleton/Crowell had her first child in 1839, and could not have been born 1830-1835.
The truth of the relationship of John M. Crowell and Nancy Stapleton/Crowell will probably never be resolved, due to destruction by fire of most of the early records of Jackson Parish.
What happened to the various people close to Nancy can partly be determined from census and other records. It is known that John Crowell died around 1860-1870, perhaps in the service of the Confederate Army. David Stapleton had either died or left Jackson Parish before 1860. Mary J. Elison and Ellen Sanders remained in the area, and present day descendants of the family remember their names and identify them as Nancy's daughters. At the time of the taking of the 1860 census, Elender (or Ellen) was living with the John M. Crowell family. She also took the surname of Crowell, along with her half-brothers. Greenbury Sanders had moved a fair distance away from Nancy Stapleton, but still lived in Jackson Parish, with the Aaron Sanders family. (Aaron Sanders had been a close neighbor of John Crowell back in Mississippi and had moved to Louisiana at the same time as the Crowells.) Shorlotter Sanders has not been located for certain; however, she could be the Charlotte M. Crowell who married Matt M. Gaines in Claiborne Parish in 1869 and had seven children.
Two of Nancy's sons, Stephen and Leroy, apparently died young, Stephen between the ages of 15 and 25, and Leroy (or Lee) in his twenties. Nancy reported on the 1900 census that she was the mother of eight children, two of whom had died. (Since ten children have been identified as belonging to Nancy, one wonders which two she did not claim.)
In 1900, Nancy was 82 years old and lived with her son, Clinton, in Ouachita Parish. That is the last evidence found of Nancy's presence in Louisiana. Facts surrounding her death and burial are unknown.
RECORD: Just Folk: The Crowell Family, Joyce Parker Hervey, 1984, Privately Printed, page 277:
Daniel Anderson Mitchell, also known as D. A. Mitchell and as Andrew Mitchell, was born about 1780-1790, probably in upper South Carolina in the Old Ninety-Sixth District. His parents were John and Elizabath (Forrest) Mitchell, who emigrated from Amelia County, Virginia. By 1790, when the first U. S. Census was taken, there were many Mitchell families in upper South Carolina. Many of them have been connected in a book published by Ruth Barr McDaniel, called "Ancestors of Ruth Barr McDaniel and Raymond Allen McDaniel", published 1977, by Faith Printing Company, 4210 Locust Hill Rd., Taylors, SC 29687. Unfortunately only 50 copies of the book were printed, so they are no longer available. Also, the Andrea Collection, available on microfilm at many genealogical libraries, has some information on the Mitchell family origins.
Before 1820, Daniel A. Mitchell married Edna Temperance __?__, who, according to family lore, was a full-blooded Indian; however, I do not find any evidence of this. Daniel and Edna apparently lived for a while in Union County, where Daniel's name appeared on the 1820 census, with a household consisting of (in addition to himself) one female born ca 1794-1804 (no doubt his wife) and three children, probably his first three children, Eleanor, Elizabeth, and Daniel D. D. Mitchell.
In 1826 Daniel was named administrator of the estate of his brother Sion Mitchell, who died in Edgefield District. Daniel may have moved to Edgefield about that time. He was in Edgefield by the time the 1830 Census was taken, and he remained there until his death. Joining Daniel in posting a bond in the administration of Sion Mitchell's estate were his brother, William C. Mitchell, and Forrest Mitchell, relationship not known. Other Mitchells named in the administration papers, who were owed money by the estate were: William C. Mitchell, D. A. Mitchell, Abram Mitchell, John Mitchell, and Forrest Mitchell.
In 1827, the personal property from the estate of Sion Mitchell was sold, and some of the purchasers were: D. A. Mitchell bought a Negro girl Nany for $463, a sow and pigs, a "stock hog in the woods," a pen of shucks, 10 bushels of corn, an old plow bridle, and a goose. Other purchasers were John Mitchell, William C. Mitchell, Josiah Mitchell, Polly Mitchell and others, who bought items such as cabbage in the garden, a spinning wheel, beef hide, several cows, three more Negro slaves, and a 25 gallon still (bought by William C. Mitchell.
Daniel A. Mitchell was a farmer, as were most of the people in upper South Carolina. He owned as many as eleven slaves at one time. When he died in 1841 at age 51-61, he owned two parcels of land, one along Clouds Creek (described as "a certain tract of land lying on both sides of Cloud's Creek, waters of Saluda River being in Edgefield District state aforesaid, containing 525 acres") and one along West Creek, ("a certain tract of land containing 282 acres more or less situated in the said state and district on West Creek, waters of Saluda River"). Appraisers valued the two pieces of land at $1100 and $600. The land on Cloud's creek bordered on the property of Jacob Long, Jr., Gaspar Buzzard, Seaborn Johnson, Sarah Slack, and W. C. Mitchell. The West Creek land bordered property owned by James Cameron, Jacob Long, Jr., the estate of Green B. Mitchell, and W. C. Mitchell.
In his will, written the 27th of Sept. 1841, Daniel specifically bequeathed a Negro girl named Nelly to his daughter Ellen (Eleanor) and her husband Simeon Rice. The rest of his property was to go to his wife Tempy and his children: Ellen, Daniel, Elizabeth (wife of James Murphy), Rebecca, Nancy, Bashaba, Sally, Joseph, and Henrietta Elouisa.
After Daniel's death, which occurred shortly after his will was written, his estate was administered by Reuben B. Bouknight, who ordered surveys made of the property belonging to the estate. Chain carriers for the surveyors were James Mitchell, James D. Bouknight, and Mosses Smith, and the surveyor was C. Bouknight.
A friendly suit was filed against Temperance Mitchell, widow of Daniel Mitchell, in the Equity Court, by Daniel's children, Eleanor Rice (widow of John S. Rice), Elizabeth Murphy (wife of James Murphy), Daniel Mitchell, Rebecca Mitchell, Nancy Mitchell, Sarah Mitchell, Bersheba Mitchell, Joseph Mitchell, and Henrietta Mitchell, so that they might receive their share in the estate. The court appointed Jacob Long Jr., James Cameron, James Whittle, Jacob Long Sr., and Amos Banks, Esquires, to determine if it would be in the interest of the legatees to sell the two parcels of land and divide the proceeds among the children and widow or to subdivide the land and distribute it. The decision was made, after an appraisal of the land, to sell it at public auction as early as practical.
Temperance remained in Edgefield County. In the 1850 census, nine years after her husband's death, she still had four of her children living with her in "The District": Rebecca, Barshaby, Joseph, and Henrietta. Their residence was very near the homes of W. Carey Mitchell and Forest A. T. Mitchell. Temperance's son, Daniel lived nearby.
Henrietta Elouisa Mitchell, the youngest child of Daniel and Temperance Mitchell, was married in Edgefield on April 5, 1858 to Abraham Powell. Shortly thereafter, the newlyweds left their comfortable lives in South Carolina and journeyed to Bienville Parish, Louisiana, never to return to Edgefield. Temperance (and her daughter Rebecca) accompanied them. When they reached Louisiana, Temperance and Abraham together purchased an entire section of land from the U. S. Government. Temperance's part was the "West half of Section thirty, in Township sixteen, of Range Six, in the district of lands subject to sale at Natchitoches, Louisiana, containing three hundred and thirty acres, and twenty four hundredths of an acre."
Temperance Mitchell (born in South Carolina) died on September 27, 1863 in Bienville Parish, Louisiana. She was buried at the Campground Cemetery. Her tombstone reads: "Edna T. wife of Andrew Mitchell born 1799 died 1863. Her end was peace."
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